Hecox v. Little
Description: The American Civil Liberties Union is challenging Idaho’s Fairness in Women's Sports Act to force female athletes to compete against biological males who identify as female.
Idaho athletes ask appeals court to protect athletic opportunities for women and girls, uphold Fairness in Women’s Sports Act
ADF represents the two collegiate athletes, who run track and cross-country at Idaho State University in Pocatello. The two women, Madison Kenyon and Mary Kate Marshall, are long-time athletes, well familiar with the difference in strength and speed between comparably gifted and trained male and female athletes.
“Women deserve to compete on a level playing field. Allowing males to compete in girls’ sports diminishes women’s athletic opportunities and destroys fair competition,” said ADF Legal Counsel Christiana Holcomb. “The Fairness in Women’s Sports Act is both consistent with Title IX and constitutionally sound because it seeks to protect women and girls across Idaho. Nothing in the Constitution requires a state to abandon fairness for girls to give special treatment to males who want to compete in girls’ sports. Our clients have already had the deflating experience of losing to a male athlete, and we’re appealing to the 9th Circuit because this injustice should not be allowed to continue.”
“Males and females both should have the chance to enjoy opportunities for fair competition and victory,” Kenyon said. “Allowing males to enter our sports isn’t fair. It changes everything because it eliminates the connection between an athlete’s effort and her success. Idaho’s law helps make sure that, when women like me work hard, that hard work pays off, and we have a shot at winning.”
“I’m disappointed that the district court put Idaho’s law on hold,” added Marshall, “because I’ve benefited personally from sports and I want other young women to enjoy the same opportunities and benefits that I have.”
ADF attorneys also represent four female athletes in a federal lawsuit in Connecticut, where a policy that allows males who identify as female to compete in girls’ athletic events has consistently deprived the four girls of honors and opportunities to compete at elite levels. The United States Department of Education Office for Civil Rights has found that the Connecticut policy deprives girls of equal athletic opportunities and violates Title IX.
Alliance Defending Freedom is an alliance-building, non-profit legal organization that advocates for the right of people to freely live out their faith.
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Christiana Holcomb serves as legal counsel for Alliance Defending Freedom, where she is a key member of the Center for Christian Ministries. Since joining ADF in 2012, Holcomb has worked to protect the constitutionally protected freedom of churches, Christian schools, and Christian ministries to exercise their faith without government interference. She has also strongly advocated for the right of pastors and churches to be free from IRS censorship via the unconstitutional Johnson Amendment and has defended the bodily privacy rights of students. Holcomb earned her J.D. in 2010 from Oak Brook College of Law and Government Policy, where she graduated first in her class and served as a teaching assistant in criminal law. Also in 2010, Holcomb completed the ADF leadership development program to become a Blackstone Fellow. She is admitted to the state bar of California, the U.S. Supreme Court, and numerous federal district and appellate courts.