Skip to main content

Viewpoint Diversity Score

Description:  Viewpoint Diversity Score brings together leaders from business, civil society, and academia who are committed to preserving the freedom of expression and freedom of religion or belief in the market, workplace, and public square.

A corporate board meeting
Monday, Dec 4, 2023

WASHINGTON – Led by Iowa State Attorney General Brenna Bird, 23 states recently joined a public letter calling on proxy voting advisory firms Institutional Shareholder Service and Glass Lewis to give equal treatment and provide needed transparency into their advice regarding shareholder resolutions that address a rising trend of politicized de-banking.

Sent to the two companies that account for 97 percent of proxy advisory services, the letter builds upon recent calls from 16 state treasurers and over 100 investors and financial professionals who have over $250 billion in assets under management for ISS and Glass Lewis to provide viewpoint-neutral advice that would respect the deeply held values of shareholders from a wide spectrum of political and religious beliefs.

As the letter points out, earlier this year proxy voting advice from ISS and Glass Lewis played an outsized role in the failure of de-banking transparency resolutions at JPMorgan Chase and PayPal—even while both companies seem to have canceled accounts based on ideological rather than financial factors. In 2022, Chase closed the account of Ambassador Sam Brownback’s National Committee for Religious Freedom without sufficient explanation, while PayPal similarly disabled the account of a group called the Free Speech Union before reinstating it amid public backlash.

“No American should have to worry that their bank will cancel them because of their political or religious views,” said ADF Senior Counsel and Senior Vice President for Corporate Engagement Jeremy Tedesco. “We commend Attorney General Bird and her colleagues for highlighting this crucial issue. It is wrong for ISS and Glass Lewis to effectively block attempts by conservative shareholders to hold America’s largest banks and payment processors accountable for the rising tide of politicized de-banking. If ISS and Glass Lewis refuse to make corrections on their own, states may have no alternative but to bring these firms to heel under existing state and federal law.”

While billing themselves as viewpoint-neutral, both ISS and Glass Lewis regularly endorse shareholder resolutions for left-of-center causes such as ESG (environmental, social, and governance) and DEI (diversity, equity, and inclusion). At the same time, the firms have consistently opposed resolutions calling for transparency and internal reporting on potential instances of politically motivated de-banking—resolutions dismissed by ISS as “anti-ESG” along with nearly every other conservative proposal.

Meanwhile, examples of politicized de-banking continue to pile up. As the letter points out, many of these instances stem from company policies that contain vague and subjective terms like “reputational risk” or “hate speech.” ADF’s 2023 Viewpoint Diversity Score Business Index found such problematic policies at 21 of the 44 largest financial institutions in the U.S.

Earlier this year, for example, Bank of America relied on its vague policies to close without explanation the account of ADF’s client Indigenous Advance, a Tennessee-based Christian charity, along with accounts belonging to an associated LLC and a supporting church. Bank of America has relied on the same unclear policies to de-bank other Christian ministries in recent years.

Find out more about Viewpoint Diversity Score and the Business Index at

Alliance Defending Freedom is an alliance-building, non-profit legal organization committed to protecting religious freedom, free speech, parental rights, and the sanctity of life.

# # #


Previous News Releases

Related Resources

ABOUT Jeremy Tedesco

Jeremy Tedesco serves as senior counsel and senior vice president of corporate engagement for Alliance Defending Freedom. In this role, Tedesco leads ADF’s efforts to combat corporate cancel culture and build a business ethic that respects free speech, religious freedom, and human dignity. Immediately preceding his current role, Tedesco served as senior vice president for communications, during which time he was a lead convener of the Philadelphia Statement, a movement dedicated to restoring free speech and civil discourse. Previously, Tedesco litigated First Amendment cases at the highest levels. He was part of the legal team that represented cake artist Jack Phillips in Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission before the U.S. Supreme Court and argued Phillips’ case at the Colorado Court of Appeals. He was also the lead brief writer in two other U.S. Supreme Court wins, Reed v. Town of Gilbert and Arizona Christian School Tuition Organization v. Winn. Tedesco has also argued six times before five different federal appellate courts and founded and directed the ADF Center for Conscience Initiatives, where he led efforts to protect individuals from government-coerced speech. Tedesco earned his Juris Doctor in 2004 from the Regent University School of Law.

ABOUT Michael Ross

Michael Ross serves as legal counsel for the Corporate Engagement Team with Alliance Defending Freedom, where he assists in developing and implementing successful legal solutions and corporate engagement strategies to neutralize mounting corporate hostility to people of faith and to encourage corporations to respect free speech, religious freedom, and life. Ross previously served on the Center for Academic Freedom Team, defending the First Amendment freedoms of college students and student organizations on university campuses. Ross earned his Juris Doctor in 2016 from Vanderbilt Law School, where he served as president of the Christian Legal Society and executive authorities editor for the Vanderbilt Transnational Law Journal. He obtained B.A. degrees in mathematics and religious studies from Vanderbilt University in 2010. Ross is a member of the bar in Tennessee.