Skip to main content

Viewpoint Diversity Score

Description:  Viewpoint Diversity Score brings together leaders from business, civil society, and academia who are committed to preserving the freedom of expression and freedom of religion or belief in the market, workplace, and public square.

A cityscape at night
Tuesday, Apr 16, 2024

WASHINGTON – In a letter sent Monday to Bank of America CEO Brian Moynihan, 15 state attorneys general, led by Kansas Attorney General Kris Kobach, called on the head of the megabank to address and curb its disturbing pattern of discrimination and politicized de-banking. The letter also calls upon Bank of America to participate in the survey portion of Alliance Defending Freedom’s Viewpoint Diversity Score Business Index.

In 2023, Bank of America relied on a vague “risk tolerance” policy to close without explanation the account of ADF’s client Indigenous Advance, a Tennessee-based Christian charity, along with accounts belonging to an associated LLC and a supporting church. Bank of America has de-banked others in recent years for similarly vague reasons.

And just last month, the U.S. House Subcommittee on the Weaponization of the Federal Government singled out Bank of America for voluntarily handing over confidential customer information to government agencies without a warrant and without notifying its customers. Government agencies had flagged ADF and other mainstream religious and conservative organizations as “domestic terrorist” threats, urging major banks to disclose private transactions involving keywords like “Cabela’s,” “Dick’s Sporting Goods,” and “religious texts.”

“We commend Attorney General Kobach and his colleagues for taking bold, appropriate action to put customers first and hold Bank of America accountable on these crucial issues,” said ADF Senior Counsel and Senior Vice President of Corporate Engagement Jeremy Tedesco. “Unfortunately, megabanks like Bank of America have shown a disturbing pattern of de-banking people for their religious or political views. Bank of America needs to rebuild trust with its shareholders and customers. The American public deserves to know basic information about its policies and practices to ensure everyone receives equal treatment regardless of their political or religious views.”

Delivered a week prior to Bank of America’s annual shareholder meeting on April 24, the states’ letter calls attention to a proposal calling for a report on the risks of politicized de-banking. Both the letter and the shareholder proposal highlight Bank of America’s uniquely troubling track record of de-banking customers for their religious or political views. The letter warns these actions expose the bank to “numerous legal and regulatory risks.”

According to ADF’s 2023 Viewpoint Diversity Score Business Index, which measures corporate respect for free speech and religious liberty, nearly half of the largest finance companies use problematic terms of service. Most alarmingly, seven of the nation’s 10 largest commercial banks—including the top three—maintain problematic “reputational risk” or “hate speech” policies.

In 2023, Bank of America scored just 8% out of a possible 100% on the Index—tied for the lowest score among all 28 commercial banks evaluated. That low score reflects a startling lack of respect for the First Amendment freedoms of customers, employees, and the general public.

Find out more about Viewpoint Diversity Score and the Business Index at

Alliance Defending Freedom is an alliance-building, non-profit legal organization committed to protecting religious freedom, free speech, parental rights, and the sanctity of life.

# # #


Previous News Releases

Related Resources

ABOUT Jeremy Tedesco

Jeremy Tedesco serves as senior counsel and senior vice president of corporate engagement for Alliance Defending Freedom. In this role, Tedesco leads ADF’s efforts to combat corporate cancel culture and build a business ethic that respects free speech, religious freedom, and human dignity. Immediately preceding his current role, Tedesco served as senior vice president for communications, during which time he was a lead convener of the Philadelphia Statement, a movement dedicated to restoring free speech and civil discourse. Previously, Tedesco litigated First Amendment cases at the highest levels. He was part of the legal team that represented cake artist Jack Phillips in Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission before the U.S. Supreme Court and argued Phillips’ case at the Colorado Court of Appeals. He was also the lead brief writer in two other U.S. Supreme Court wins, Reed v. Town of Gilbert and Arizona Christian School Tuition Organization v. Winn. Tedesco has also argued six times before five different federal appellate courts and founded and directed the ADF Center for Conscience Initiatives, where he led efforts to protect individuals from government-coerced speech. Tedesco earned his Juris Doctor in 2004 from the Regent University School of Law.

ABOUT Michael Ross

Michael Ross serves as legal counsel for the Corporate Engagement Team with Alliance Defending Freedom, where he assists in developing and implementing successful legal solutions and corporate engagement strategies to neutralize mounting corporate hostility to people of faith and to encourage corporations to respect free speech, religious freedom, and life. Ross previously served on the Center for Academic Freedom Team, defending the First Amendment freedoms of college students and student organizations on university campuses. Ross earned his Juris Doctor in 2016 from Vanderbilt Law School, where he served as president of the Christian Legal Society and executive authorities editor for the Vanderbilt Transnational Law Journal. He obtained B.A. degrees in mathematics and religious studies from Vanderbilt University in 2010. Ross is a member of the bar in Tennessee.