Global Impact Ministries v. City of Greensboro
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Description: Greensboro, N.C., police arrested several Christians for engaging in peaceful prayer outside an abortion facility, claiming that they were in violation of a Guilford County emergency proclamation related to the coronavirus crisis. Police arrested members of the Christian ministry Love Life because they traveled by car and not by foot and because they traveled from outside the county—prohibitions found nowhere in the proclamation or in any law. The city also claimed that the proclamation gives the city authority to prohibit all First Amendment activity, which is also untrue. Love Life members intentionally and carefully engaged in their activities to comply with the proclamation.
ADF files suit on behalf of NC citizens arrested for praying outside of abortion facility
The city is standing by its arrests of the Love Life members because they traveled by car and not by foot and because they traveled from outside the county—prohibitions found nowhere in the proclamation or in any law. The city also claimed that the proclamation gives the city authority to prohibit all First Amendment activity, which is also untrue. Love Life members intentionally and carefully engaged in their activities to comply with the proclamation.
“The government can’t allow some people to walk and talk on sidewalks and then say that these pro-life citizens can’t walk and pray there. This was never about public health and safety; it was about the government silencing people because it doesn’t like what they have to say,” said ADF Senior Counsel Denise Harle. “While we support the efforts of authorities to prioritize the public’s health and safety, people of faith can’t be singled out as the city has done here. If abortion businesses can stay open to perform elective abortions during the pandemic, Christians who abide by health and safety guidelines should certainly be allowed to pray outside.”
On March 28 and 30, Love Life President Justin Reeder and a few other representatives of the organization walked near A Woman’s Choice abortion facility to pray both on public property and on adjacent private property where Love Life regularly prays with the property owners’ permission. Mindful of the Guilford County proclamation, Love Life ensured that, at all times, fewer than 10 individuals were present in its group, that they were spaced at least six feet apart, and that they were equipped with sanitizer, as required by the social distancing provisions of the proclamation. Their activities are also allowed under several other provisions of the proclamation.
On Friday, Guilford County amended its proclamation in the wake of the ADF letter in an apparent attempt to target free speech by adding, “Outdoor activity means outside exercise and/or recreational activity. It does not include outside activity for other purposes.”
Nevertheless, the Love Life representatives were issued citations and arrested. Greensboro police officers told them they were in violation of the proclamation, specifically “travel for a non-essential function.” The city attorney doubled-down on that erroneous interpretation, telling ADF that Love Life can “prey [sic] and speak at home,” even though no travel restriction exists for organizations like Love Life that provide free social services to those in need.
“As our lawsuit explains, the emergency proclamation, the Constitution, and court precedent do not support these interpretations. They all support the free speech activities of Love Life,” said ADF Senior Counsel Kevin Theriot, director of the ADF Center for Life. “The legal rule that the government must follow is that it must have a truly compelling interest in order to violate citizens’ First Amendment rights, and it must do so in the least restrictive means possible. But when the same government is allowing some people to walk, bike, golf, and picnic while threatening others with 60 days in jail and a $1,000 fine for praying on a sidewalk, they have not even come close to meeting that burden.”
ADF attorneys filed the lawsuit, Global Impact Ministries v. City of Greensboro, with the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina. Scott Gaylord, one of more than 3,100 attorneys allied with ADF, is serving as local counsel in the case on behalf of Love Life, which is the name under which Global Impact Ministries operates.
- Pronunciation guide: Harle (HAR’-lee), Theriot (TAIR’-ee-oh)
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Denise Harle serves as senior counsel with Alliance Defending Freedom, where she is a member of the Center for Life. In this role, she focuses her litigation efforts on defending the First Amendment freedoms of pro-life health care professionals and pregnancy resource centers. From 2015 to 2017, prior to joining ADF, Harle served as deputy solicitor general in the Office of the Florida Attorney General. Additionally, in 2017, Harle participated in the prestigious Supreme Court Fellow program, sponsored by the National Association of Attorneys General. After clerking for Florida Supreme Court Justice Ricky L. Polston, Harle joined the law firm of Greenberg Traurig, where she worked as an associate in the litigation and appellate practice groups from 2011 to 2015. Harle earned bachelor’s degrees, summa cum laude, in psychology and interdisciplinary social science from Florida State University. She subsequently acquired a master’s degree in political science from Stanford University, followed by a Juris Doctor at Duke University School of Law. A member of the state bars of California, Florida, and Georgia, she is admitted to multiple federal district and appellate courts.
Kevin Theriot serves as senior counsel with Alliance Defending Freedom, where he is vice president of the Center for Life. He has litigated cases in the areas of religious freedom, the sanctity of life, and marriage and family. Theriot is admitted to the bar in eight states, the U.S. Supreme Court, and numerous other federal courts of appeal and district courts. Theriot received his law degree from Vanderbilt University and has been litigating First Amendment issues since 1993.